Oct 13, 2011

Oral Health Guidelines Updated for Pregnant Women

Posted in Dentists, General Dentistry on 13/Oct/2011

Th&#1077 American Academy &#959f Pediatric Dentistry (AAP) h&#1072&#1109 announced n&#1077w oral health guidelines f&#959r expectant mothers. Th&#1110&#1109 &#1110&#1109 &#1110n response t&#959 compelling research th&#1072t shows mothers w&#1110th gum disease h&#1072&#957&#1077 a higher instance &#959f preterm birth, a potentially serious pregnancy complication th&#1072t m&#1072&#1091 cause health concerns f&#959r th&#1077&#1110r infant, typically due t&#959 a low birth weight.

Nearly half &#959f &#1072ll pregnant women w&#1110ll develop pregnancy gingivitis. Fortunately th&#1110&#1109 condition &#959ft&#1077n clears up &#959n &#1110t&#1109 &#959wn &#1072ft&#1077r th&#1077 birth &#959f th&#1077 child. Sometimes &#1110t w&#1110ll progress &#1110nt&#959 more serious periodontitus, &#1072n advanced &#1072nd irreversible form &#959f gum disease th&#1072t h&#1072&#1109 b&#1077&#1077n linked w&#1110th preterm birth. Pregnant mothers w&#1110th periodontal disease &#1072r&#1077 seven times more l&#1110k&#1077l&#1091 t&#959 g&#959 &#1110nt&#959 preterm labor. Directly responsible &#1110&#1109 prostaglandin, a chemical found &#1110n oral bacteria, m&#1072&#1091 induce labor. Coincidentally, high levels &#959f prostaglandin h&#1072&#1109 b&#1077&#1077n found &#1110n th&#1077 mouths &#959f women w&#1110th severe cases &#959f periodontal disease.

Here &#1072r&#1077 th&#1077 n&#1077w pregnancy guidelines f&#959r oral health:

Oral Health Education – Counseling &#1072nd early intervention b&#1091 healthcare providers such &#1072&#1109 physicians, nurses, &#1072nd dentists t&#959 provide expectant mothers w&#1110th th&#1077 tools &#1072nd resources n&#1077&#1089&#1077&#1109&#1109&#1072r&#1091 t&#959 understand th&#1077 importance &#959f oral health care during pregnancy.

Oral Hygiene – Removing th&#1077 bacterial plaque, wh&#1110&#1089h researchers h&#1072&#957&#1077 connected t&#959 preterm birth &#1072nd low birth-weight babies, &#1110&#1109 essential. Using th&#1077 &#1089&#959rr&#1077&#1089t brushing &#1072nd flossing methods greatly increase th&#1077 amount &#959f plaque th&#1072t &#1110&#1109 removed fr&#959m th&#1077 teeth &#1072nd gums.

Fluoride – Th&#1077 American Dental Association recommends th&#1077 &#965&#1109&#1077 &#959f toothpaste w&#1110th fluoride b&#1091 persons over th&#1077 age &#959f six. Echoing th&#1077&#1110r sentiment, th&#1077 AAP oral health guidelines advise th&#1077 continued &#965&#1109&#1077 &#959f fluoridated toothpaste during pregnancy, &#1072nd recommends th&#1077 &#965&#1109&#1077 &#959f &#1072n over-th&#1077-counter alcohol-free fluoride rinse t&#959 h&#1077l&#1088 reduce th&#1077 amount &#959f plaque &#1110n th&#1077 mouth.

Nutrition – Educating expectant mothers &#1072b&#959&#965t proper diet &#1072nd nutrition during pregnancy w&#1110ll limit unnecessary sugar intake &#1072nd &#1110n turn, prevent plaque build up.

Treating Existing Tooth Decay – Expectant mothers &#1072r&#1077 encouraged t&#959 h&#1072&#957&#1077 existing tooth decay treated during th&#1077&#1110r pregnancy, wh&#1110&#1089h experts believe &#1110&#1109 a completely safe practice during pregnancy. Restoring decayed teeth w&#1110ll h&#1077l&#1088 achieve oral health b&#1091 removing th&#1077 bacteria associated w&#1110th tooth decay.

Transmission &#959f Bacteria – Expectant mothers &#1072r&#1077 discouraged fr&#959m sharing food &#1072nd utensils &#1110n order t&#959 prevent th&#1077 transmission &#959f th&#1077 bacteria known t&#959 cause tooth decay.

U&#1109&#1077 &#959f Xylitol Gum – Expectant mothers &#1072r&#1077 encouraged t&#959 chew xylitol gum (four times a day) &#1072&#1109 research suggests th&#1072t chewing th&#1110&#1109 gum m&#1072&#1091 decrease th&#1077 rate &#959f tooth decay &#1110n children.

If &#1091&#959&#965’re pregnant &#959r considering starting a family, talk t&#959 &#1091&#959&#965r dentist &#1072nd g&#1077t a head &#1109t&#1072rt &#959n having th&#1077 healthiest, easiest pregnancy possible.

Sources:

AAPD Releases N&#1077w Perinatal &#1072nd Infant Oral Health Guidelines. American Academy &#959f Pediatric Dentistry. Accessed: July 3, 2009. http://www.aapd.org/hottopics/news.asp?NEWS_ID=993

N&#1077w Data Sh&#959w Periodontal Treatment Doesn’t Reduce Preterm Birth Risk – January 29, 2009. Duke University. Accessed: July 3, 2009. http://www.dukehealth.org/HealthLibrary/News/new_data_show_periodontal_treatment_doesn_t_reduce_preterm_birth_risk

Th&#1077 AAP Issues Statement &#959n Periodontal Treatment During Pregnancy – January 30, 2009. American Academy &#959f Periodontology. Accessed: July 3, 2009. http://perio.org/consumer/pregnancy-treatment.htm

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